Top 10 Game-Changing Tools of the Past 10 YearsComments (0)
Woodworkers are constantly looking for ways to improve accuracy. In the past, this typically meant combining experience with various qualitative methods and maybe a few pricey tools.
Today, digital meters and gauges offer a shortcut to hair-splitting accuracy by giving woodworkers the ability to measure their work and calibrate machinery quickly and easily. Compared to earlier precision measuring tools such as Vernier gauges and calipers, digital tools are simple to use and easy to read (a blessing for older eyes). This has really helped woodworkers home in on the detail of the craft, allowing precise assessment of joint tolerances, machine setups, and even hand-tool operations. As production costs continue to drop, manufacturers are sure to develop digital upgrades for myriad other woodworking accessories and operations.
When it comes to the often tricky craft of woodturning, Easy Wood Tools (EWT) wins the “Keep It Simple” award. While traditional turning tools require the user to “ride the bevel,” EWT tools take a much easier approach. To use one of these innovative tools, simply hold it flat and level on the rest, advance the cutter into the workpiece, and let the shavings fly. EWT tools’ carbide tips solve another obstacle: sharpening. Taking a cue from the saw blade and router bit industries, EWT outfits their tools with carbide tips. According to the manufacturer, carbide lasts up to 20 hours longer than high-speed steel. And when the edge dulls, you simply rotate the cutter or replace it with a fresh insert.
Brand-new battery, motor, and charger technologies have allowed some manufacturers to now employ lighter-weight, lower-voltage batteries without cutting runtimes. For example, Milwaukee’s 18V, 71⁄4" circular saw and Festool’s 14.4V, TI 15 Hybrid Drill/Driver outperform many cordless tools twice their size. Their brushless motors, lithium batteries, and chargers are designed to work together, monitoring the motors and batteries in order to optimize performance and control overheating. Based on the performance of these tools, you can expect to see more heavy-duty tools–such as mitersaws and routers–“cut the cord” in the years ahead.
For those who have felt the pain that comes when perfectly-adjusted planer or jointer knives hit a hard knot or grain of sand, relief is in sight. The latest generation of planers and jointers now sports cutterheads that have dozens of machined pockets that accept small multi-sided cutters. When a cutter becomes dull or gets damaged, simply loosen a screw and turn the cutter to expose a fresh edge. No additional setup is required. Another plus: segmented cutterheads create less tear-out when machining figured woods.
In the last few years, many higher-end machines have come equipped with segmented cutterheads, and replacement cutterheads are available for older machines. Today, segmented cutterheads are starting to filter down to more affordable machinery. We’re hoping that this upgrade becomes a standard option on many more machines in the near future.
Mortise-and-tenon joinery ranks as one of the strongest means of attaching parts, but cutting these joints can be time-consuming and may require an elaborate setup. That changed in 2007 when Festool introduced the Domino, a handheld machine that combined the simplicity of biscuit joinery with the strength of loose-tenon joinery. The Domino DF 500 and larger XL DF 700 employ a patented oscillating cutter that plunge-cuts and then moves from side to side to create a perfect mortise as you press the tool into the work.
In terms of speed, precision, strength, and size, no other mortiser comes close. Thanks to the Domino, furnituremakers can now focus on design and let the machine tackle the formerly tricky joinery.
Water-based finishes have an established reputation for being less odorous and easier to use than oil-based finishes. Today, many outperform their oil-based competition. According to the manufacturers’ tests, General Finishes’ High Performance finish (a polyacrylic blend) is the hardest, most durable consumer polyurethane topcoat on the market. This clear finish contains a UV stabilizer that protects underlying stains from fading and prevents the cured finish from breaking down in sunlight. Enduro-Var is an oil-modified alkyd varnish in a water-based formula that dries fast and cleans up with water, yet imparts the desirable amber tone of an oil-based varnish.
On the other side of the coin, safer products also exist for removing finishes. SOY Gel removes multiple layers of paint, urethane, acrylic, epoxy, or enamel, but does not emit toxic fumes and can be cleaned up with water.
Modern pocket-hole joinery was born in the latter half of the 1900s, and has proven to be an easy, affordable, and effective method of fastening cases, face frames, and other parts without having to wait for glue to dry. Recent developments by manufacturers have made the job even easier. The wide variety of jigs and accessories now available enables production shops and DIYers to select the tools they need to tackle ever larger projects, such as cabinets, and furniture, without an arsenal of clamps, complicated setups, or heavy machinery.
A decade ago, CNC (computer numerical control) machines existed almost exclusively in commercial shops. Today, affordable tabletop models have sparked purchases by a significant percentage of small-shop woodworkers as a complement to their array of shop machines and hand tools. Many beginners are adopting CNCs because the machines enable them to rout precise inlays, cut out perfectly fitting project parts, and take on projects they previously avoided because they lacked the skills or tools.
CNC machines require a learning curve, but that may not be such an impediment in an age where many of us can set up a computer faster than we can fettle a plane. CNC-inspired technology is already appearing on other machines, including mitersaw stations and router table lifts and fences.
A Digital Variable Resistance (DVR) motor is a direct-drive motor that relies on electromagnets instead of brushes. A micro-computer controls spindle speed and torque by switching these magnets on and off, eliminating the need for belts or pulleys. With the Nova lathe, the DVR motor constantly senses load and adjusts torque to maintain your desired RPM, even at super-low speeds. In addition to speed control and higher torque, a DVR’s use of magnets instead of rotors and brushes means that there are fewer parts to wear out.
In the next year, Teknatool plans to launch a DVR drill press that can slow a bit as it exits the back of your workpiece to reduce tear-out, and even shut down the unit if it senses that you’ve accidentally left your chuck key in the chuck. You can bet you’ll see this technology in tablesaws and other critical machines in the future.
Unlike most woodworkers, Steve Gass refused to accept the notion that working at the tablesaw must be dangerous. In 2004, Gass introduced the world to SawStop’s flesh-detecting technology, and proved that it is possible to be faster than a spinning saw blade. In 1/200th of a second, the sensor detects fleshy contact and then triggers the brake to stop and drop the blade–often leaving the would-be victim with barely a scratch. Since their inauguration, SawStop tablesaws have saved thousands of digits. Aside from the safety advantage, SawStop’s standard features rank it as one off the best tablesaws in today’s market.
(Fun factoid: The company performs its now-famous “hotdog demonstration” almost 1,000 times each year.)
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