Characteristics of Finishing Materials

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Characteristics of Finishing Materials 

Finish Material-Brushing Lacquer
Thinner-Lacquer thinner
Uses-Small projects
Apply With-Brush
Positives-Fast drying


Finish Material-Colored Lacquers
Thinner-None
Uses-Small projects with opaque finish
Apply With-Aerosol can
Positives-Convenient


Finish Material-Danish Oil 
Thinner-Mineral Spirits
Uses-Natural looking projects
Apply With-Wipe or brush
Positives-Does not require dust free polishing room


Finish Material-Nongrain Raising Stain (N.G.R.)
Thinner-Alcohol, Glycol, Acetone, or Toluol
Uses-Projects needing deep penetration
Apply With-Spray-large project; Wipe-small project
Positives-Clarity-does not cover the grain and fast drying


Finish Material-Oil-Based Paint
Thinner-Mineral Spirits
Uses-Houses and trim
Apply With-Brush or spray
Positives-Durable


Finish Material-Paste Wood Filler
Thinner-Mineral Spirits or Naphtha
Uses-Ring porous woods
Apply With-Brush
Positives-Levels surface by filling in pores


Finish Material-Penetrating Oil Stain
Thinner-Mineral Spirits or Turpentine
Uses-Small Projects
Apply With-Wipe or brush
Positives-Readily Available


Finish Material-Polishing Varnish
Thinner-Mineral Spirits
Uses-Furniture and cabinets
Apply With-Brush or spray
Positives-Polishes well; easy to purchase


Finish Material-Polyurethane 
Thinner-See label of can
Uses-Furniture and cabinets
Apply With-Brush or spray
Positives-Durable and resistant to heat and water


Finish Material-Resin Finish
Thinner-Mineral Spirits
Uses-Small projects
Apply With-Wipe
Positives-Wipe on finish that develops a surface layer


Finish Material-Shellac
Thinner-Denatured alcohol
Uses-Sealer
Apply With-Brush or Spray
Positives-Fast Drying


Finish Material-Spar Varnish
Thinner-Mineral Spirits
Uses-Outdoor projects
Apply With-Brush or spray
Positives-Resistant to water


Finish Material-Spraying Clear Lacquer
Thinner-Lacquer thinner
Uses-Furniture and cabinets
Apply With-Spray
Positives-Resist heat, alcohol, and water and wide range of lusters


Finish Material-Water Stains
Thinner-Water
Uses-Small projects with true colors
Apply With-Spray-large project; Wipe-small project
Positives-Fades the least


Finish Material-Water-Based Paint
Thinner-Water
Uses-Houses and trim
Apply With-Brush or spray
Positives-Low odor and easy to clean-up


Finish Material-Waxes
Thinner-None
Uses-Small inexpensive projects
Apply With-Wipe
Positives-Inexpensive and fast

Finishing

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